JSAT Advanced - Construction
Advanced - Behavioural Safety
Behaviour is defined as:
- A: What you do
- B: What you think , feel, or believe
- C: Committing an unsafe act
Your attitude is:
- A: What you do
- B: What you think, feel or believe
- C: A situation of accident potential
A consequence is:
- A: The impact on the individual or others of a behaviour, whether immediately or over a longer period
- B: What you think, feel or believe
- C: What you do
How should feedback be delivered following an observation:
- A: In public
- B: In a safety meeting
- C: Privately
Reinforce a safe behaviour with:
- A: Positive feedback
- B: Negative feedback
- C: Neutral feedback
For Behavioural Safety to work, who needs to be involved?
- A: A supervisor
- B: An operator
- C: Everyone
Workers are responsible for
- A: Ensuring their acts and omissions don’t effect co-workers
- B: Participating in Behavioural Safety training
- C: Both of the above
If you observe someone working in a potentially dangerous situation do you?
- A: Walk on past without saying anything
- B: Tell them to stop immediately and report them to their boss
- C: Have a conversation with them in which you share your concerns for their safety and agree with them what needs to change to make their workplace safe
What is the best safety rule?
- A: Immediately sort the waste generated during the work by type
- B: Keep the workplace tidy and keep passages clear
- C: Mark all hazards at the workplace with red-white tape
What methods are appropriate for an employer use to provide health and safety information to employees?
- A: Text messages and Facebook
- B: By imposing sanctions after an incident
- C: Toolbox talks and a site notice board
Advanced - Accident and Reporting
When must you record an accident in the accident book?
- A: If you are injured in any way
- B: Only if you have to be off work
- C: Only if you have to go to hospital
If someone is injured at work, who should record it in the accident book?
- A: The Site Manager
- B: The injured person or someone acting for them
- C: The First Aider
What is the most important reason for keeping a working area on a construction site, clean and tidy?
- A: To prevent slips, trips and falls
- B: So that waste skips can be emptied more often
- C: To recycle waste to help the environment
Why is it important for all workers to attend site induction?
- A: Risk assessments will be handed out
- B: Site specific health and safety rules will be explained
- C: Permits to work will be handed out
How can you help to prevent accidents?
- A: By becoming a First Aider
- B: By knowing how to get help quickly
- C: By acting on reports of unsafe working conditions
When are people who are working on, or visiting construction sites most likely to have an accident?
- A: In the morning
- B: In the afternoon
- C: When they first start on any new site
What is a near miss?
- A: An incident where someone could have been injured or something could have been damaged
- B: An incident where someone was injured and nearly had to go to hospital
- C: An incident where someone was injured and nearly had to take time off work
Other than the legal requirement, why is it important to report near miss incidents on site?
- A: Because it is the law to report all near miss incidents
- B: It is a requirement of the regulations
- C: To learn from them and stop them happening again
A scaffold has collapsed and you saw it happen. What should you say when you are asked about the accident?
- A: Nothing as you are not a scaffold expert
- B: Exactly what you saw
- C: Who you think is to blame
When leaving a site you have been visiting, you notice that a contractor is working in an unsafe manner. What should you do?
- A: Contact the Health and Safety Project Coordinator
- B: Contact the relevant Contractors head office
- C: Return and report this to the Site Manager
Advanced - Health and Welfare
You suspect someone has been drinking alcohol or is still over the limit. What should you do?
- A: Get them to drink plenty of strong coffee before they go back to work
- B: Tell them your concerns and see that they are safely removed from the site
- C: Ask them to stay away an hour and then go back to work
Why should white spirt or other solvents not be used to clean hands?
- A: They could strip the protective oils from the skin
- B: They could remove the top layer of skin
- C: They could block the pores of the skin
What condition can be caused by direct sunlight exposure on bare skin?
- A: Dermatitis
- B: Rickets
- C: Skin Cancer
What is the main issue with using only barrier cream to protect the skin from chemical contact?
- A: There may be none available on site
- B: It can irritate your skin
- C: Many harmful substances go straight through barrier cream
In what situation is a worker most likely to catch Weil’s disease (Leptospirosis)?
- A: If they work fixing showers or baths
- B: If they work near wet ground, water ways or sewers
- C: If they drink water from a stand pipe
The legionella bacteria that causes legionaries disease are most likely to be found in which of the following?
- A: A boiler operating at a temperature of 80C
- B: An infrequently used shower outlet
- C: A cold water storage cistern containing water at 10C
What are the legal minimum facilities that should be provided on site for washing your hands?
- A: Hot water and electric hand driers
- B: A cold water stand pipe and paper towels
- C: Hot and cold water, soap and a way to dry hands
What sort of rest area should be provided for workers on site?
- A: A covered area
- B: A covered area and some chairs
- C: A covered area, tables, chairs and something to boil drinking water and heat food
What should you do if you find that the toilets on the site you are visiting are dirty?
- A: Ignore the problem it is normal
- B: Tell the Site Manager who can sort it out
- C: See if you can use the toilets in a nearby café or pub
When can male and female workers use the same toilet facilities on a construction site?
- A: Not in any circumstance
- B: If the toilet cubical is partitioned from any urinals
- C: If the toilet is in a lockable room for use by one person at a time
Advanced - First Aid and Emergency Procedures
How are site based staff and visitors informed of the location of the First Aid facilities on site?
- A: By walking the site looking for the First Aid sign
- B: By attending the site induction
- C: By reading the Health and Safety poster
How can you see for yourself that attention has been given to simple emergency procedures on site?
- A: The distance between the structure and the assembly point is minimalised
- B: All electrical appliances have been electrically tested
- C: There are fire points with extinguishers and a means of raising the alarm
If there is an emergency while you are on site, what should you do first?
- A: Leave the site and go back to your head office
- B: Phone your office
- C: Follow the site emergency procedures
When would you expect eye wash bottles to be provided?
- A: Only on demolition sites, where asbestos has to be removed
- B: Only on sites where refurbishment is being carried out
- C: On all sites where people could get something in their eyes
Someone has fallen from height and has no feeling in their legs, what should you do?
- A: Roll them on to their back and keep their legs straight
- B: Raise their legs to see if any feeling comes back
- C: Ensure they stay still and don’t move them until medical helps arrives
If someone is in contact with a live cable, what should you do first?
- A: Switch off the power and call for help
- B: Pull them away from the cable
- C: Phone the Jersey Electricity Company
What is the one thing a First Aider cannot do?
- A: Give mouth to mouth resuscitation
- B: Give medicines without authorisation
- C: Treat casualties if they are unconscious
If someone gets grit in their eye, what is the best thing to do?
- A: Hold the eye open and wipe it with clean tissue paper
- B: Ask them to rub the eye, until it starts to water
- C: Hold the eye open and flush it with sterilized water
Someone gets a large splinter in their hand. It is deep under the skin and it hurts. What should be done?
- A: Use something sharp to dig it out
- B: Try to squeeze out the splinter with your thumbs
- C: Make sure that they get first aid from a qualified First Aider
What is the best thing to do if someone burns their hand?
- A: Tell them to put their hand into cold water or under a cold running tap
- B: Tell them to rub barrier cream or Vaseline into the burn
- C: Tell them to wrap a handkerchief around the burn
Advanced - Personal Protective Equipment
When should eye protection be worn?
- A: On very bright sunny days
- B: When it has been included in the bill of quantities
- C: If there is a risk of eye injury, when it is identified in your risk assessment or if it is the site rules
When is the only time that you do not need to wear head protection on site?
- A: If you are working on a project that is at the finishing stages
- B: When you are in a safe area, like the site office
- C: If you are working in very hot weather
When must you wear high visibility clothing?
- A: When the need is identified in the contractors or your employers site rules or risk assessment and when you are working on or adjacent to a road
- B: Only if you are working alongside moving plant
- C: During normal day light hours only
What should you do if your PPE gets damaged?
- A: Stop what you are doing and get a replacement
- B: Carry on wearing it, but work more quickly
- C: Try to repair it
You are about to enter an active work area on site. How will you know if you need any extra PPE?
- A: By looking at the health and safety policy
- B: From the risk assessment or safe work method statement
- C: Others around you will be wearing more than the minimum PPE required
Who has the legal duty to ensure that workers are provided with any PPE they need including, the means to maintain it?
- A: Their Employer
- B: The Workers who need it
- C: The Client for the project
Do Workers have to pay for any PPE they need?
- A: Yes, they must pay for it all
- B: Yes, but they only have to pay half the cost
- C: No, the Employer must pay for it
When working in an area where fibre glass roof insulation is being handled, in addition to safety boots and helmet, which of the following items of PPE should be worn?
- A: Barrier cream, eye protection and RPE
- B: Rubber apron, eye protection and ear defenders
- C: Gloves, RPE and eye protection
What type of eye protection do Workers need to wear when they are using a cartridge operated tool or compressed gas tool such as a nail gun?
- A: Impact rated goggles
- B: Normal prescription glasses or sun glasses
- C: Light eye protection or safety glasses
When must Employers provide PPE?
- A: Twice a year
- B: If it is in their contract
- C: If it is needed to provide protection
Advanced - Dust & Fumes
Why is it important to be clean shaven if using a disposable mask or respirator?
- A: You may suffer an allergic reaction to the mask
- B: Facial hair will affect the seal around the face
- C: You will be able to use the same mask for longer
What should a Worker do if the water they are using to supress dust runs out?
- A: Put on additional RPE
- B: Ask everyone to clear the area and then carry on
- C: Stop and refill the water
Work is being planned that will create dust. What action should be taken?
- A: The work should not be carried out because dust is highly dangerous
- B: Work for short periods of time
- C: Equipment to eliminate or supress dust and PPE suitable for the works should be used
When using a power tool to cut or grind materials, why must the dust be collected and not allowed to get into the air?
- A: Most dust can be harmful if breathed in
- B: The tool will be faster if the dust is collected
- C: A machine guard is not needed if the dust is collected
Which is the biggest cause of long term health issues in the construction industry?
- A: Loud noise
- B: Slipping and tripping
- C: Breathing in hazardous dust and fumes
What should Workers do if they have been given RPE to protect themselves against hazardous fumes?
- A: Ensure they have been given the correct RPE which is compatible with other items of PPE
- B: Start work, but take regular breaks
- C: Wear a second dust mask on top of the first one
Your Workers have been face fit tested. What is one of the checks you can make to ensure their mask provides a tight seal?
- A: That they are clean shaven
- B: That they have no more than 1 week’s stubble growth
- C: That their voices cannot be heard when wearing the mask
Disposable masks have filtering face piece ratings of FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3. Which offers the greatest protection?
- A: FFP1
- B: FFP2
- C: FFP3
Which of these activities does not create silica dust?
- A: Breaking up concrete floors and screeds
- B: Sawing timber and plywood
- C: Sweeping up rubble and dust
Which of the following is not a health effect of being exposed to paints and resins which have high levels of solvents?
- A: Headaches and sickness
- B: Hearing loss
- C: Dermatitis or skin problems
Advanced - Noise & Vibration
Can the damage caused by exposure to noise over a long period of time be reversed?
- A: Yes, with time
- B: Yes, if you have an operation
- C: No, the damage is permanent
Noise can cause damage to peoples hearing. What is an early sign of this?
- A: Temporary deafness or a ringing noise in the ears
- B: Regular ear infections
- C: There are no early signs
What should you do if a Worker needs to wear ear defenders, but an ear pad is missing from one of the shells?
- A: Tell them not to wear them and to work without any hearing protection
- B: Tell them to put them on and go to site with them as they are
- C: Tell them that they cannot work in any noisy area until they are replaced
Someone near you is using noisy equipment and you have no hearing protection. What should you do?
- A: Carry on with your work as you are not the person using the equipment
- B: Leave the area until you have the correct PPE
- C: Ask them to stop what they are doing
Noise levels may be a general problem if you have to shout to be understood when someone is standing how far away from you ?
- A: 2m
- B: 4m
- C: 6m
If you need to wear disposable foam ear plugs, how should you insert them so they protect your hearing from damage?
- A: Soak them in water, squeeze them out and then insert them into the ear canal
- B: Roll them up and insert them as far as you can, while pulling the top of your ear up to open up your ear canal
- C: Fold them in half, pull on your ear lobe and wedge them into your ear
Why is over exposure to vibratory tools and equipment a serious issue?
- A: The long term effects of vibration are not known
- B: There is no way that exposure to vibration can be prevented
- C: Vibration can cause a disabling injury that cannot be cured
What health problems can be caused by Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS)?
- A: Skin irritation like dermatitis
- B: Blisters on hands and arms
- C: Damaged blood vessels and nerves in the fingers and hands
Which of these tools is most likely to cause Vibration White Finger?
- A: Hammer drill
- B: Hammer and chisel
- C: Battery powered screw driver
What is the least reliable source of information when assessing the level of vibration from a powered percussive hand tool?
- A: Vibration figures taken from the tool manufactures hand book
- B: The judgment from the site manager, based on observations
- C: In use vibration measurement of the tool
Advanced - Hazardous Substances
What illnesses might a worker develop if they breathe in asbestos dust?
- A: Aching muscles and painful joints
- B: Throat infections
- C: Lung diseases
Which of these is the least likely to cause skin problems?
- A: Asbestos
- B: Epoxy resin
- C: Solvents
What kind of survey is required to identify asbestos prior to any invasive work being carried on a structure built pre year 2000?
- A: A type two survey
- B: A refurbishment or demolition survey
- C: A management survey
What is the most suitable method of checking for leaks when assembling LPG or other gas equipment before use?
- A: Sniff the connections to detect the smell of gas
- B: Listen to hear for escaping gas
- C: Apply leak detection fluid to the connections
Why are wet cement, mortar and concrete hazardous to your health?
- A: They can cause dizziness and headaches
- B: They can cause skin burns and dermatitis
- C: They can cause muscle ache
What should you do before using a hazardous substance?
- A: Ask someone who has already used it
- B: Review the COSHH Assessment and following the instructions
- C: Read the employers health and safety policy
When a Contractor is assessing the risk of using a substance they believe to be hazardous, what should they do first?
- A: Review the material safety data sheet
- B: Ensure workers are provided with RPE
- C: Ensure workers are trained to use RPE
Which of the following provides health and safety information about a hazardous substance?
- A: The delivery note
- B: The COSHH assessment
- C: The manual handling assessment
Which of the following is the safest way to store oxyacetylene gas bottles when they are not in use?
- A: In company vehicles
- B: Inside the building in a locked cupboard
- C: Outside in a special secure storage compound
How can you tell if a product is hazardous?
- A: From the warning symbols on the container, packaging label and Materials Safety Data Sheet
- B: It will always be in a black container
- C: It will always be in a cardboard box
Advanced - Manual Handling
If manual lifting activities are part of a task, what must be carried out?
- A: The lifting operations must be supervised
- B: A task specific risk assessment
- C: Nothing as it is part of some work operation to lift loads
You are in charge of a gang of Workers who are about to start on a new site, what can you do to help minimise manual handling?
- A: Remind them not to do any manual handling
- B: Assess and agree with the site manager how the materials and equipment can be distributed close to the work place
- C: Only conduct manual handling activities in the morning
A worker is using a wheel barrow to move a heavy load. Is this manual handling?
- A: No, because the wheel barrow is carrying the load
- B: Only if the wheel barrow is pulled instead of pushed
- C: Yes, they are still manual handling the load
A Worker needs to manually handle survey equipment in and out of a vehicle. An old injury means the Worker has a weak back. What should you do?
- A: Review the risk assessment and consider other means of carrying out the task
- B: Tell them to try some lifting and then report back
- C: Tell them they will have to find someone else to perform the task if they cannot
A Worker has to move a load that may be too heavy for them. They cannot divide it and there is no one to help. What should you do?
- A: Make sure they do not move the load until a safe method is identified
- B: Tell them to try and lift it using the correct lifting techniques
- C: Tell them to lift and move the load quickly to avoid injury to themselves
How should a Worker stand if they need to lift a load from the floor?
- A: Feet together legs straight and back bent
- B: Feet slightly apart, one leg slightly forward and knees flexed
- C: Feet wide apart, legs straight and back bent
What does it mean if lifting and placing a load forces a Worker to twist or turn their body?
- A: That the weight they can lift safely is less than usual
- B: That the weight they can lift safely is more than usual
- C: That they can lift the same weight as usual
Someone has to move a load while they are sitting down. How much can they move safely?
- A: Less than usual
- B: The usual amount
- C: Double the usual amount
A heavy load has been delivered to site. What is the first thing that should be considered?
- A: How the risk of manual handling could be reduced
- B: How many people are needed to lift the load
- C: How the need to manually lift the load could be avoided
Manual handling assessment involves 4 main areas, what are they?
- A: Testing, Load, Environment, Individual
- B: Environment, Individual, Task, Levels
- C: Task, Individual, Load, Environment
Advanced - Safety Signs
What are blue and white signs?
- A: A mandatory sign
- B: A prohibition sign
- C: A warning sign
What is a circular blue background sign with a pair of gloves in white showing?
- A: Dispose of used safety gloves here
- B: Safety gloves do not need to be worn
- C: Safety gloves must be worn
What is a circular blue background sign with a pair of overalls in white showing?
- A: Safety overalls must be worn
- B: Only white overalls allowed in this area
- C: Remove overalls in this area
What are round white background signs with a red edge and diagonal red line through?
- A: Mandatory sign
- B: Prohibition sign
- C: Warning sign
What is a round white background signs with a red edge with a person depicted in black with a diagonal red line through the sign?
- A: No entry without a hard hat
- B: No access for pedestrians
- C: No entry during the day
What are round white background signs with a red edge and a picture of a mobile phone in black with a diagonal red line through the sign?
- A: No mobile phones
- B: Mobile phones are allowed
- C: Mobile phone charging point
What does a rectangular green sign, with a white arrow and a person going through a white door space?
- A: Escape route or emergency exit
- B: One way pedestrian route
- C: The site entrance is this way
What is a square green sign with a large white cross in it?
- A: Emergency assembly point
- B: Accident and Emergency Department
- C: First Aid point
What is a yellow triangle with black edging and an exclamation mark in it?
- A: A prohibition sign
- B: A warning sign
- C: A safe condition sign
What sign is a yellow triangle with black edging and a forklift pictured in it?
- A: Manual handling not allowed
- B: Industrial vehicles operating
- C: Storage area
Advanced - Fire Prevention & Control
What is the first thing you should do if you discover a fire?
- A: Take photos and post them on social media
- B: Try to put out the fire
- C: Raise the alarm and follow the site procedure
Where should you go if you hear the fire alarm?
- A: To the site entrance
- B: To the site office
- C: To the assembly point
What type of fire extinguisher should not be provided where petrol or diesel is being stored?
- A: Foam
- B: Water
- C: Dry powder
A foam extinguisher, identified by a cream band, should not be used on which of the following types of fire?
- A: Wood or paper
- B: Solid material
- C: Electrical fires
As a result of risk assessments, work is to be carried out under a hot work permit. What must the permit specify?
- A: That the work is completed at least one hour before the site closes
- B: That the work is completed immediately before the end of the working day
- C: That the work is carried out at a time when the site is other wised unoccupied
How would you expect highly flammable materials to be stored?
- A: In the site storage container
- B: Against the hoarding furthest away from the site office
- C: In a secure compound in the open air
How should spare acetylene and oxygen cylinders that are not in use be stored?
- A: Separately and away from site accommodation
- B: Lying down so they cannot fall over
- C: Together, but away from site accommodation
What must contractors ensure when work is taking place in a corridor that is a fire escape route?
- A: All doors into the corridor are locked
- B: All tools and equipment do not block the route
- C: Only spark proof tools are used
What should be in place on all construction sites to ensure that fire precautions are adequately assessed?
- A: A fire risk assessment that is updated on an annual basis
- B: A construction phase health and safety plan
- C: A fire risk assessment that is regularly updated to reflect the current site conditions
What is a common fire risk on construction sites?
- A: 240v power tools
- B: 110v extension reels
- C: Poor housekeeping and a build-up of waste
Advanced - Electrical Safety & Equipment
What can be done to reduce trips and injuries caused by untidy leads and extension cables?
- A: Keeping trailing cables and leads close to the wall
- B: Making sure that cables have not been used before
- C: Tying any excess cables and leads into the smallest coil possible
Why is it dangerous to run an abrasive wheel faster than its recommended maximum speed?
- A: The wheel will get clogged and stop
- B: The motor could catch fire
- C: The wheel can bust and injure the operator
What is the main function of the guard on an abrasive wheel machine?
- A: To stop materials getting on to the blade or wheel
- B: To balance the machine
- C: To contain fragments in the event of a disc bursting
Someone near you is using a rotating laser level, what is the health hazard that is likely to affect you?
- A: Skin cancer
- B: Gradual blindness
- C: None, if used correctly they are safe
A Worker is using a generator to power lighting when the lamp blows. They have a spare lamp, what should they do?
- A: Replace the lamp without disconnecting the generator, as you cannot get a shock from it
- B: Disconnect the lighting from the generator before replacing the lamp
- C: Carry on working using your phone’s torch
What main area of visual inspection should be carried out before each use of a power tool?
- A: Check switches, triggers, guards and cables are adjusted correctly and in good condition
- B: Check the manufactures label has not come off
- C: Check it is marked with a security stamp
What is the best option for the power supply to hand held tools for construction works?
- A: 240v
- B: 110v
- C: Battery
What do a yellow plug and a yellow supply cable fitted to an electrical tool indicate?
- A: It shows that the tool runs off 110v supply
- B: It shows that the tool is water proof and can be used outdoors
- C: It shows that the tool runs off 240v supply and should not be used on site
What is the recommended safe voltage for corded electrical equipment on construction sites?
- A: 415volts
- B: 110volts
- C: 240volts
Why should batteries never be stored loose in a tool bag?
- A: The tool bag will be heavy and cause back injuries
- B: If the terminals short out, it could cause a fire
- C: They give off a poisonous gas in a confined space
Advanced - Site transport & Lifting
Which of the following conditions would you expect a Site Manager to apply in order to manage the risk of site staff operating plant?
- A: The plant operative must be trained, authorised and competent
- B: The plant operative must be over 21 years old
- C: The plant operative tells the site manager he has operated that item before
How should workers be told about the site traffic rules?
- A: By the plant operators
- B: By a notice on the site board
- C: During their site induction and tool box talks
When can a mobile plant operator allow people to ride on, or in their machine?
- A: Only if they have a long way to go
- B: Only if it is designed to carry passengers
- C: Only when it is raining
Which of the following represents good site management on the public road approaching a site?
- A: Asking contractors to park half on the footway and half on the road way
- B: Parking items of plant to free up space on site
- C: Providing a place where delivery vehicles can park on site without staying in the public highway
What is the correct procedure for using a tower crane to off load a lorry?
- A: A trained slinger and signaller to carry out the off-loading operation
- B: The Crane Driver to instruct an operative to sling the load
- C: The Lorry Driver should sling the load before the slinger arrives
What should all lifting equipment and accessories be?
- A: Brightly coloured, inspected and clearly signed
- B: Logged, inspected, thoroughly examined and marked
- C: Strong enough for the load and always fitted with out riggers
How would you expect a well organised site to keep pedestrians away from traffic routes?
- A: The Site Manager will direct all pedestrians away from traffic routes
- B: The traffic routes will be shown on the site notice board
- C: There will be physical barriers between traffic and pedestrian routes
When is a site vehicle most likely to injure pedestrians?
- A: While tipping into an excavation
- B: While digging out footings
- C: While reversing
Which of the following is the best risk control measure with regard to site vehicles reversing?
- A: Setting a speed limit on site
- B: Vehicles fitted with reversing beepers
- C: A trained Vehicle Marshall should reverse all vehicles
How can a contractor ensure that the sequence of operations to enable a lift to be carried out safely are in place?
- A: Using verbal instructions
- B: Check the lift plan and safe work method statement
- C: Using a toolbox talk
Advanced - Work at Height
If someone is wearing a harness and fall arrest lanyard while working at height, what else must be done?
- A: Provide an extra harness in case theirs breaks
- B: Have a second person warn them if they get too close to the edge
- C: Have a rescue plan in place to retrieve them if they fall
When is it most appropriate to use a safety harness and lanyard for working at height?
- A: When the roof has a steep pitch
- B: When all other options for fall prevention have been ruled out
- C: When storing materials at heights
What is the maximum permitted gap between the guard rails on a working platform?
- A: 470mm
- B: 490mm
- C: 510mm
What is the minimum height of top guard rail on a working platform?
- A: 850mm
- B: 950mm
- C: 1050mm
What is the most effective method of preventing workers falling from height whilst carrying out construction and maintenance work?
- A: Ensure that details of risky operations are included in the Construction Phase Plan
- B: Ensure that the design and construction solutions eliminate the need for working at height
- C: Educate the workforce to be more careful while working at height
What must edge protection be designed to do?
- A: Prevent people and materials from falling
- B: Secure tools and material close to the edge
- C: Allow persons to work on both sides of it
When are you working at height?
- A: Any height that could cause an injury if you fell
- B: 1m above the ground
- C: 2m above the ground
What is a class 3 ladder?
- A: An Industrial quality ladder which can be used safely
- B: Any ladder that is made of wood
- C: A ladder for domestic use only, which cannot be used on site
Which of the following provides the public with adequate protection from falling objects?
- A: Clear warning signs
- B: Viewing panels in the site hoarding
- C: A fan or scaffold tunnel over the footway
You are inspecting a flat roof. What is the best way to stop yourself and others from falling over the edge?
- A: Have a large warning sign placed at the edge of the roof
- B: Ask for the edge to be protected with guard rails and toe boards
- C: Ask for red and white tape to mark the edge
Advanced - Excavation & Confined Spaces
You are in a deep trench and start to feel dizzy, what is the first thing you should do?
- A: Ask others if they feel dizzy
- B: Have a drink, it is the first sign of dehydration
- C: Make sure that you and others get out quickly and report it
What do guard rails around a top of an excavation prevent?
- A: The sides of the trench collapsing
- B: People from falling into the trench
- C: Heavy plant from falling into the excavation
You are standing near a deep excavation. A lorry backs up to the trench and its engine is left running. What should you do?
- A: Put on ear defenders to reduce the noise level
- B: Ignore it, the lorry will drive away soon
- C: Get everybody out of the excavation quickly
What is a significant hazard when excavating alongside a building or structure?
- A: Undermining or weakening the foundations of the building
- B: Damaging the surface finish of the building
- C: Noise and vibration for the occupiers of the building
When must you take precautions to prevent people, materials and equipment from falling into an excavation?
- A: At all times
- B: When the excavation is 2m or more deep
- C: When there is a risk from an underground cable or service
When carrying out a survey, which piece of equipment must be used with a cable avoidance tool in order to detect cables?
- A: An excavator bucket with no teeth
- B: An insulated shovel or spade
- C: A Signal generator
What is one duty of the top man, if people need to work in a confined space?
- A: To enter the confined space if there is a problem
- B: To start the rescue plan if needed
- C: To tell you how to work safely in that space
What is the first question to ask if work may need to be carried out in a confined space?
- A: Can it be undertaken by someone else?
- B: Can it be avoided?
- C: Can it be controlled with radios or mobile phones?
Work in a confined space needs a Safe Work Method Statement and what other safety document?
- A: COSHH Assessment
- B: Company health and safety policy
- C: Permit to work
You are required to undertake a survey in what you suspect might be a confined space. What should be your first consideration?
- A: Make sure you have the correct equipment to test the atmosphere
- B: Make sure that you have a colleague with you
- C: Check if the information you need can be obtained remotely to avoid entering the space
Advanced - Environmental Awareness
If you find bats on site, which of the following statements is true?
- A: All bat species and their roosts are protected, you cannot disturb them without licensed mitigation
- B: You can move the shelters or resting spaces of bats as long as you do it at night when they are out hunting
- C: You can disturb or destroy shelters or resting places of bats if they get in the way of the works
Which of the following does not help save energy and resources on site?
- A: Use of alternative or recycled products for site setup
- B: Instillation of more energy efficient site accommodation and low energy technology
- C: The use of cheaper products and materials to reduce cost
You are considering using an alternative material or component to that specified. Other than its impact on the safety and cost of the structure, what is often over looked?
- A: The impact of the alternative on the building or structure’s future energy performance
- B: Whether the alternative is readily available
- C: Whether the alternative will look similar to the product specified
What final element is missing from this simple four point pollution incident response plan? Stop – Contain – Notify –
- A: Review
- B: Clean up
- C: Re start work
When assessing pollution risks before starting works on a construction site, which of the following should not be done?
- A: Locate and identify water courses, surface water and foul water drains
- B: Inspect existing gullies, silt traps and oil separators
- C: Seal up drains and gullies on site
Which of the following should be undertaken to help improve a pollution incident response?
- A: Train the work force in the use of spill kits
- B: Always refuel using drip trays
- C: Only use bio degradable fuels
Which of the following will help minimise dust from stock piles of soil?
- A: Avoid moving the materials when nearby residents are at home
- B: Damping down the materials with water
- C: Have a supply of face masks suitable for dust
Which of the following is an environmental reason for preventing concrete or mortar, wash out water from entering water courses or underground aquifers?
- A: It can change the colour of the water
- B: It will pollute the water and could harm water wildlife
- C: It will improve the flow of the water course
A diesel plant refuelling point is to be setup on a new site. Which of the following is the preferred method of fuel transfer?
- A: Decanting from jerry cans using a funnel
- B: Gravity feed from a bulk storage tank
- C: A pumped system with a nozzle fitted with an auto cut off device
What should the minimum capacity of a spillage bund around a fuel storage tank be?
- A: 90% of the tank capacity
- B: 100% of the tank capacity
- C: 110% of the tank capacity
Advanced - Demolition
If you are unsure about a buildings stability, who should you consult?
- A: A Structural Engineer
- B: The Health and Safety Inspectorate
- C: Another demolition contractor
Who must be appointed before undertaking demolition operations?
- A: A competent person to supervise the works
- B: A sub-contractor to strip out the building
- C: A Quantity Surveyor to price the extras
What action should be taken if the contractor discovers unlabelled drums or containers on site?
- A: They should be put in the nearest waste skip
- B: Work should be stopped until they have been safely dealt with
- C: They should be opened to check if the contents are flammable
When asbestos material is suspected in a building to be demolished, what is the first priority?
- A: Notify the HSI
- B: A competent licensed person carry out a Refurbishment and Demolition Survey
- C: A competent licensed person carry out a Management Survey
What do the letters SWL stand for?
- A: Safe Working Level
- B: Safe Working Limit
- C: Safe Working Load
What safety feature is provide by FOPS on mobile plant?
- A: The machine stops automatically when the operator lets go of the controls
- B: The speed is limited when driving over hard surfaces
- C: The operator is protected from falling objects
What should a contractor do if they discover underground services not previously identified?
- A: Stop work until the situation has been resolved
- B: Get the machine to dig it out
- C: Fill in the hole
Who should be consulted before demolition is carried out near to overhead cables?
- A: The Fire Service
- B: The Jersey Electricity Company
- C: The land owner
Where would you find out the method for controlling identified hazards on a demolition project?
- A: The demolition companies Health and Safety policy
- B: The toolbox talk
- C: The site specific safe work method statement
When do the regulations require an excavation to be inspected by a competent person?
- A: At the start of the shift, before work begins, after any event likely to have affected its strength or stability or after any accidental fall of material
- B: Every day
- C: Every 7 days
Advanced - Highway Works
What should the site manager do to increase the safety of motorists, if transport leaving a site is likely to deposit mud on the public road?
- A: Deploy someone in the road to slow the traffic down
- B: Have someone to hose the mud in the road down
- C: Employ an onsite method of washing the wheels of the site transport
A single vehicle is carrying out highway works during the day. What must be clearly displayed on, or at the rear of the vehicle?
- A: Road narrows sign
- B: A keep left or right arrow
- C: A road works ahead sign
When should the amber flashing beacon fitted to a highways vehicle be switched on?
- A: At all times
- B: When travelling to and from the depot
- C: When the vehicle is being used within or whilst setting up highway works
Why is it necessary to wear class 3 high visibility clothing when working in the road?
- A: So road users and plant operators can see you
- B: Because it will keep you warm
- C: To protect your clothes from damage
When should highway signs and guarding equipment be inspected on a live site?
- A: At initial site set up
- B: Before starting the works, during active works and before you leave the site
- C: Once per day
How must signs on footways be located?
- A: So they can be read by site personnel
- B: So they can be easily removed
- C: So they do not create a hazard for vulnerable road users
Where would you find information about the distances for setting out highways signs under different road conditions?
- A: Health and Safety at Work (Jersey) Law 1989
- B: In the Approved Code of Practice for Safety at Road Works (Red book)
- C: In the Highway Code
How many Highway Authorities can issue permits to work on Jersey roads?
- A: One
- B: Two
- C: Thirteen
What is the maximum site length when using a single manually rotated stop and go board on Jersey roads?
- A: 10m
- B: 25m
- C: 50m
How must signs and guarding equipment be properly secured?
- A: With built in weights where possible or bags of fine granular materials
- B: By tying them with blue rope to concrete blocks
- C: By suspending metal weights from the frame of the sign
Advanced - Construction Regs Part A
When should a project be notified to the HSI?
- A: All projects with more than one contractor
- B: Projects with more than 20 working days or 200 person days
- C: Projects with more than 30 working days or 500 person days
What must be reported to the principal contractor ?
- A: Any accident, illness or dangerous occurrence at the site
- B: Only accidents resulting in a visit to hospital
- C: Only accidents resulting in time off work
When must a safe work method statement be prepared?
- A: It is a nice to do, when the site manager has time
- B: It is legal requirement for all high risk construction work and must be prepared in advance of the works commencing
- C: After the task has been completed to place in the Health and Safety file
When should the Health and Safety Project Coordinator be appointed?
- A: As early as possible in the design process, and if practicable, at the concept stage
- B: Once work commences on site
- C: Once plans have been approved and passed
Who is responsible for appointing the Health and Safety Project Coordinator?
- A: The Principal Contractor
- B: The Designer
- C: The Client
Where reasonably practicable, what welfare facilities should be available on site?
- A: A porta loo with hot and cold water for washing
- B: Flushing toilets, hot & cold running water, drying room and a place to sit and make hot drinks
- C: The use of Public toilet facilities
The risk hierarchy needed to be observed by all Contractors and Designers is?
- A: Eliminate, Substitute, Isolate, Engineering, Administrative, PPE
- B: Eliminate, Isolate, PPE
- C: Avoid, Protect, Ensure
Who should provide workers with information, instruction and training?
- A: The Principal Contractor
- B: The Client
- C: The Employer
How long should the health and safety file be kept for?
- A: As long as the project is running
- B: Until the structure is altered
- C: The life of the structure
Records of induction and health and safety training should?
- A: Be destroyed at the end of construction for data protection
- B: Be kept for three years after construction is finished
- C: Be left with the Health and Safety file when construction finishes
Advanced - Construction Regs Part B
Is consultation with employees, having regards to health and safety matters, a legal requirement?
- A: No
- B: Yes
- C: Only if the project lasts for more than 30 working days or 500 person days
What would not be considered high risk construction work?
- A: Work using pre-fabricated structural elements
- B: Installing skirting boards
- C: Work in an area where there are artificial extremes of temperature
Who would be classed as a Designer?
- A: The Health and Safety Project Coordinator
- B: The Quantity Surveyor
- C: Anyone who makes alterations which result in design changes
What is Pre Construction Information about a specific project?
- A: A document prepared for all high risk work
- B: Health and safety information relevant to the project which can be reasonably obtained through sensible enquiries
- C: A document prepared for the hand over on completion of demolition works
What should not be put into the Health and Safety file?
- A: A brief description of the works carried out
- B: Information relating to the safe demolition of the structure
- C: The Construction Phase Plan
What information should the Health and Safety file contain?
- A: Information about the maintenance, cleaning, alteration and demolition of the building
- B: Risk assessments and Safe Work Method Statements
- C: Induction and training records for all personnel that have worked on the project
What factors contribute to the amount of supervision required for specific tasks?
- A: The amount of people performing the task
- B: The amount of times the personnel have completed this task previously
- C: The age and experience of personnel and the degree of risk associated with the task
Who is responsible for ensuring that First Aid and welfare facilities on site are adequate?
- A: The Health and Safety Project Coordinator
- B: The Designer
- C: The Relevant Contractor
Who is responsible for ensuring the Client is aware of their duties?
- A: Employees working on the site
- B: The Designer, The Health and Safety Project Co-ordinator, Principal Contractor & Contractors
- C: The Designer
Sub-contractors are employed, as the relevant contractor what must you ensure?
- A: They are competent and have the skills, training, knowledge and experience to carry out the works
- B: They are experienced at the works
- C: Their quote was the most reasonable